Forms of Modern Slavery
Modern slavery describes illegal behaviours from forced prostitution, forced labour to forced marriage and forced organ removal.
Forced labour – any work which people are forced to do against their will under the threat of punishment.
Debt bondage or bonded labour is the world’s most widespread form of slavery. It is when people borrow money they can't repay and are forced to work to pay off the debt.
Human trafficking is transporting, recruiting or keeping people against their will for exploitation, using violence, threats or coercion.
Descent-based slavery – where people are born into slavery because their ancestors were captured and enslaved; they remain in slavery by descent.
Child slavery is when a child’s labour is exploited for someone else’s gain. It can include child trafficking, child soldiers, child marriage and child domestic slavery.
Forced and early marriage – when someone is married against their will and cannot leave the marriage. Most child marriages can be considered slavery.
The Human Trafficking Foundation has produced several resources to help local authorities improve their response to human trafficking and modern slavery, and support offered to adult survivors.
Definitions and Indicators: how to identify a victim of human trafficking or modern slavery
Statutory Duties and Powers: The National Referral Mechanism (NRM) and a Local Authority's statutory duties to identify and support victims of human trafficking and modern slavery
Modern Slavery Apps
Safe Car Wash App
A Safe Car Wash app has been launched, supported by the Gangmasters’ and Labour Abuse Authority (GLAA), National Crime Agency (NCA), National Police Chiefs Council (NPCC) and the Local Government Association (LGA), to help identify modern slavery in hand car washes.
The Safe Car Wash app helps the Public to identify rogue operators and report their concerns. The app is free and downloadable for Apple and Android devices.
The Unseen App is free to download, and shows how to recognise the signs of modern slavery and report it.