Gangs, Criminal Exploitation & County Lines
County lines is the term used to describe how drugs are trafficked from cities into rural areas and towns, by street gangs, which exploit vulnerable children to do this.
The National Crime Agency (the Government's crime -fighting unit) describes the way street gangs operate in their County Lines, Gangs and Safeguarding 2016 report.
More drugs are being sold in England and Wales and street gangs and gang culture are responsible for part of this problem, states a report by Pitts, 2008, Andell & Pitts 2010.
There's research about Youth Gangs and Violence in Suffolk. The University of Suffolk and Public Health worked with us to find out about gang activity in Suffolk. This research helps to identify the size of the problem and how to prevent it, intervene and enforce the law to stop the trafficking.
Click on the link below to read the report:
- Preventing the Violent and Sexual Victimisation of Vulnerable Gang-involved and Gang-affected Children and Young People in Ipswich [Link not yet available]
Safeguarding Children and Young People at Risk of County Lines or Gang Involvement – Resource Pack
There are three sections, what you need to know, what you need to do and resources.
Schools Intelligence Reporting Tool for County Lines and Criminal Exploitation
Gangs and County Lines - Suffolk Response Teams
Suffolk's response to the problem of Gangs and County Lines involves many team members.
If you have any questions on our work please contact firstname.lastname@example.org
Fearless also offers some useful educational resources on County Lines for professionals who are working with young people. Please follow this link to access these: Fearless for Professionals
The Suffolk Office of Data and Analytics have also prepared the Suffolk Against Gang Exploitation (SAGE) Team Evaluation Report
Non Judgemental Information and Advice about Crime and Criminality – A Safe Place: Fearless
- University of West London - National Centre for Gang Research
- Safeguarding Children and Young People at Risk of Gang Involvement – Policy, Guidance and Risk Assessment
- Gangs & County Lines: Identifying Risk - Suffolk Youth Offending Service PowerPoint Presentation
- Velocity Leaflet County Lines - Briefing for Partners
- HM Government - Safeguarding children and young people who may be affected by gang activity
- HM Government - Child Exploitation Disruption Toolkit
The toolkit is for frontline staff with safeguarding duties, working in law enforcement, social care, education and housing and voluntary sector and helps partners:
General information to further understanding of what works to prevent gang involvement and youth violence.
- Home Office - Preventing Gang and Youth Violence: A Review of Risk and Protective Factors
- Home Office - Preventing Gang and Youth Violence: An Overview
A summary of the key findings in the above report.
This contains downloadable images, posters, booklets and social media resources focused on:
- Frontline staff
- Bus and coach company staff
- Train and rail operator staff
- Taxi and private vehicle hire staff
- Letting agents and landlords
- Private security industry staff
- Posters for social housing staff
- Social media graphics
- Ministry of Justice - County Lines Exploitation Practice guidance for YOTs and frontline practitioners
Provides clear referral pathways for frontline practitioners to follow nationally and use as a best practice template, when responding to, and safeguarding children involved in county lines.
A short informative document highlighting the different stages of exploitation:
- Targeting stage
- Experience stage
- Hooked stage
- Trapped stage
- The Children's Society, Victim Support and National Police Chiefs' Council - Appropriate Language Toolkit
A short document for professionals to use at meetings or other settings when discussing children and young people who are at risk of exploitation.
- The Children's Society - Criminal Exploitation and County Lines Toolkit for Professionals
- CSE Police and Prevention Toolkits
A web page of toolkits and guidance documents for professionals to inform good practice and support regional strategies.
- IT CAN BE STOPPED - A proven blueprint to stop violence and tackle gang and related offending in London and beyond
- A report by the Centre for Social Justice aimed at decision makers, councillors and professionals, working with children, young people and adults at risk, looking at how to stop the violence and tackle gang activity.
For lawyers and professionals to help recognise children who may be victims of child criminal exploitation:
- Information on how gangs recruit, groom and exploit children.
- Guidance on signs that their client might be a victim of CCE.
- Overview of the statutory defence under section 45 of the Modern Slavery Act 2015.
- Advice on defence lawyers’ safeguarding duties advice on the practical steps that should be taken if a defence lawyer suspects that their client is a victim of CCE.
- County Lines Criminal Exploitation of Children and Vulnerable Adults: Video from the Youth Justice Convention in December 2017
- County Lines: Criminal Exploitation of Children and Vulnerable Adults
This guidance is aimed at frontline staff who work with children, young people and potentially vulnerable adults.